Which of These Is the Best Definition of Extended Family

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The economic context has become a very important factor in the likelihood of living in an extended family. Many families [where?] who live in low-income areas begin to move together [when?] to receive financial and emotional support. The relative economic deprivation of racial and ethnic minorities leads to a higher level of participation of the extended family; Primarily because blacks and Latinos have less money and education than whites, they are more likely to give and receive help from their loved ones. [26] Having a family you can count on is very important in times of economic hardship, especially when children are involved. Living in an extended family provides constant care for children and support for other family members. Analysis of the National Family and Household Survey suggests that there are differences between whites and other ethnic groups due to economic differences between racial groups: Blacks and Latinos are less likely to have the economic resources that enable the kind of privatization that the nuclear family entails. Extended kinship is therefore a survival strategy in the face of economic difficulties. [27] Having not only two parents, but also grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings helps create a support system that, in turn, brings families closer together. Living in an extended family offers many things that a nuclear family does not. While Caldwell conceived of the extended family as a family structure that required transfers from young members to older members, other researchers have argued that extended parents work to provide additional resources for the birth of children (Hrdy, 2005). Loss of extended family structure may mean that the cost to parents of having children becomes higher because they cannot be distributed among extended relatives (Turke, 1989) or because pronatal messages that may come disproportionately from parents are reduced when individuals are further away from extended relatives (Newson et al., 2005). In many cultures, such as those of Asians,[10] Middle Easterners, Africans, indigenous peoples such as Native Americans and Pacific Islanders, as well as Latin Americans and the Caribbean, even for Eastern Europeans and Southern Europe (Orthodox/Catholic countries[11]), extended families are the basic family unit.

That is, the modern Western nuclear family is not the norm. Even in Western Europe, extended families (mainly of the strain type) were also clearly common, with England being a rare exception. [12] In Britain and the United States, during the Industrial Revolution (about 1750 to 1900), more people lived in extended families than ever before or after. [13] Definitions of extended family include other family members outside the domestic group who do not belong to the nuclear family. For example, if a married couple lives with the husband`s parents or if a grandparent shares a household, the family moves from a nuclear household to an expanded household. In his 1995 article ”Patterns of Kinship and Residence,” Max E. Stanton clearly defines an extended family as ”a continuous society whose geographic base exceeds the lifespan of its members. The composition of the extended family with its nuclear families and independent single adults is constantly changing, but the extended family itself continues with new leaders and members as individuals leave or as generations pass” (p. 100).

Family types or structures have been delineated mainly by cultural anthropological studies of small cultures around the world. However, family sociologists have also contributed to the literature on family typology, although sociology has been more interested in European and American families and less in small societies around the world. In an ordinary family, a kind of extended family first discussed by Frédéric Le Play, parents will live with a child and his spouse, as well as the children of both, while other children will leave the house or remain single. The ancestral family is sometimes associated with unequal hereditary practices, as in Japan and Korea, but the term has also been used in some contexts to describe a type of family where parents live with a married child and his or her spouse and children, but the transfer of land and movable property is more or less egalitarian. as in the case of traditional Romania[2], northeastern Thailand[3] or Mesoamerican indigenous peoples. [4] In these cases, the child caring for the parents usually receives the house in addition to his or her own share of land and movable property. Relationships between extended family members are such that the greeting a person uses consists of an extension of nuclear family terms to a wider circle of relatives within the resident clan. In a matrilineal family, for example, a person may refer to his maternal uncle as a ”father” and his children as ”brothers” and ”sisters.” Extended family does not necessarily live in the same apartment, but usually members live in close proximity to each other and work as a team. The common family is a continuation of the linear family after the death of the grandfather, in which married sons share the inheritance and work together. Common families were found south of the Loire in France, as well as patriarchal families, while the nuclear family prevailed north of the Loire.

There are also mixed families in India and Pakistan. I don`t want my friends or extended family to be aware of this choice. A third point is the determination of a nuclear family. This is related to the common place of residence or the ”household” of the nuclear family. Family demographic studies generally use the term household to determine the number of people living in the residence and their roles. However, there is a paradox between the terms household and family as they are used in demographic studies. Household refers to the counting of the number of people in a house. If there are two generations, parents and children, they are identified as a nuclear family. However, this can lead to incorrect conclusions about the percentage of nuclear families in a country.

For example, in a European demographic study, Germany and Austria had a lower percentage of nuclear families than Greece. This seems strange, as Greece is known to be a country with a greatly expanded family system. However, demographic statistics provide only ”superficial” information that is difficult to interpret without data on attitudes, values and interactions between family members. Nuclear households in Greece, as in many other countries of the world, are very close to grandparents – in the apartment next door, on the next floor or in the neighborhood – and visits and phone calls between relatives are very frequent. .

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